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The latter means simply “speech”.
For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: Didtionnaire article contains IPA phonetic symbols. The name Kituba is used in the constitution of the Republic of Congo. Languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The most common dicrionnaire are “ila”, indicating action to or toward someone, and “ana”, indicating mutual or reciprocal action:. It is not entirely accurate to call Kituba a creole language as it lacks the distinction between dictionnalre and substrate influence that is typical of creole development. In practice the term national language means that it is a language of regional administration and elementary education. Kongo Kituba Lingala Swahili Tshiluba. There are several theories on how Kituba came into being.
The suffix indicating voice is adding after the verb root and before the suffix indicating tense. In addition, many words have been borrowed from FrenchPortugueseand English. He is not hereand Kizabave but they have largely fallen out of use. Kituba is the largest language of the Republic of Congo. Lingala is more dictionnalre in the north.
This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat Kituba has five vowel phonemes: Regardless of the genesis, Kituba has established itself in the large towns that were found during the colonial period between and It is a creole language  based on Kikongoa family of closely related Bantu languages.
Catalog Record: Dictionnaire kikongo-français | Hathi Trust Digital Library
Kikongo of the state administrationbut it is often called in short Kikongoespecially out of the region of ethnic Bakongo people. Kitubabecause a translation of the constitution itself is written in Kituba but no translation exists in Kikongo. They are very similar to the vowels of Spanish and Italian. Language articles citing Ethnologue 18 Articles lacking in-text citations from August All articles lacking in-text citations Language articles with old Ethnologue 18 speaker data Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers.
Yet another theory emphasizes the construction of the Matadi – Kinshasa railroad at the end of the 19th century, which involved forced labour from West Africalower Congo, and the neighbouring Bandundu region. Kituba is a widely used lingua franca in Central Africa.
In the academic circles the language is called Kikongo-Kituba. Sadisa “to help”, Sadisana “help one another”, Sadisanaka “helped one another past . The workers had diverse linguistic backgrounds which gave birth to a grammatically simplified language.
Dictionnaire orthographique kikongo Version History
Another theory claims that a simplified trade language called Kifyoti was developed at the Portuguese coastal trading 18 post and it was later spread upstream dictonnaire the Christian missionaries to the region between the Kwango and the Kasai rivers where it evolved dictkonnaire hence the name Kikwango. Vowels are never reduced, regardless of stress. A national language is also one that is used for public and mass communication.
The object pronouns are used in place of subject pronouns when the subject is being emphasized.
Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not widely available.